In the push for reducing carbon, significant investment will be necessary, and in turn, funding will be required. This will provide growth for the credit market, and in particular for anything associated with ESG.
The ECB’s Stress Test
The European Central Bank has just released its economy-wide climate stress test results, in which they looked at both physical risk and transitional risks. This main push from the ECB is for all corporates and banks to make the transition towards zero-carbon output. You can read more about that here.
The ECB’s push for zero carbon will be a costly one for corporates as significant investments will be necessary and, in turn, funding will be required. This will provide growth for the credit market, and in particular the ESG (environmental, social and governance) credit market. The majority of the supply increase off the back of this will either be classified as green or as a sustainable bond and will have an ESG tilt associated with it.
ESG supply is growing
The percentage of ESG supply to overall supply is also growing. The dark blue line in the chart below demonstrates this increase year on year. In both 2019 and 2020, total ESG supply accounted for 9% of the total overall supply. So far in 2021, ESG supply accounts for 20% of the overall supply. Of course, relative to last year, there is indeed more ESG supply and less overall supply. However, this increase in supply is still not fulfilling the insatiable demand for ESG credit. Many investors are already increasing their ESG holdings.
ECB purchases combat any over-supply
We do not see over-supply as being credit-negative threat on spreads. Indeed, supply will increase, but the market has shown over the past three years it has a taste for heavy levels of such supply. Furthermore, the ECB has supported spreads through large purchasing of corporate debt via CSPP, its Corporate Sector Purchase Programme, mainly from the primary market, and will continue to do so for some years to come. Even after the ECB decides to stop actively purchasing corporate debt, they will still have notable reinvestments thereafter. Read more on this in our report ECB – Smoking out fossil fuels, where we outline future projections of monthly corporate purchases under CSPP and PEPP, the Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme.
Underperformance of carbon-intensive names and sectors
Indeed, carbon-intensive names and sectors will likely see somewhat more underperformance and will also likely need more funding. The 'greenium' will certainly increase notably through:
Slightly more oversupply due to higher investment needs
Increasing capex as a result, pushing leverage higher
Demand for carbon-intensive is already falling substantially, with many investors shying away
We see the ECB's push for corporates towards zero carbon as a positive for credit, namely from a growth of the ESG market perspective. Any increase in supply will be met by the ECB's considerable support through CSPP purchases.
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