Hungary's headline inflation rose remarkably in December, as expected, mainly on the back of energy prices. But what's more important is that core inflation slowed somewhat, so we see the central bank remaining calm.
December headline inflation came in at 4.0% year on year, showing a 0.6 percentage point acceleration compared to the November reading. It seems like a big deal, but the move was in line with the market expectations and matched the latest forecast by the central bank.
As in November, the recent acceleration in the price increase was mostly caused by a technical factor related to energy, mainly fuel price developments. While December fuel prices rose by only 0.3% on a monthly basis, a year ago there was a 6.9% fall month on month. Against this backdrop, it hardly comes as a surprise that the fuel price increase explains more than 0.5ppt of the 0.6ppt acceleration.
Other than fuel, only minor contributors were measured by the Central Statistical Office when it comes to the acceleration:
Food inflation accelerated to 0.7% month on month, mostly driven by pork and related processed food prices;
Tobacco products showed a 1.2% monthly price increase ahead of the January excise duty hike;
Durable goods prices increased by only 0.1% on a monthly basis, translating into an almost 1% y/y drop;
Price change in services came in at 0.1% m/m, but as last year’s increase was higher, it helped to shave off some hundredths from the headline reading.
The last two points show that the underlying inflationary processes are slowing somewhat, and so are moving in the direction of the expectations of the central bank.
Core inflation (which excludes unprocessed food, energy & administered prices) came in at 3.9% y/y in December, posting a 0.1ppt drop compared to the November reading. Moreover, if we adjust this reading for tax changes, core inflation excluding indirect taxes show also a 0.1ppt retreat to 3.5% y/y.
As the rise in consumer prices didn't surprise the market or the central bank and was driven by one-off technical factors and supply-side shocks, we expect the central bank to look past the recent pick-up in the headline reading. In our view, we expect CPI to move above 4% but core inflation to continue its incremental slowdown.
Amidst high volatility, we see headline CPI at 3.5% y/y in 2020 after the 3.4% average in 2019. Our core inflation forecast in 2020 stands at 3.8% y/y - almost flat compared to last year.
This note first appeared on ING’s “Think” portal here.
Content Disclaimer: This publication has been prepared by ING solely for information purposes irrespective of a particular user's means, financial situation or investment objectives. The information does not constitute investment recommendation, and nor is it investment, legal or tax advice or an offer or solicitation to purchase or sell any financial instrument. Read more