Czech inflation in March up to its highest level in past 25 years
Czech inflation rate accelerated to its highest level since May 1998, up to 12.7% year-on-year in March from 11.1% recorded in February, the Czech Statistics Office (CSO) reported. The inflation growth was driven mainly by energy prices.
Inflation significantly exceeded the upper boundary of the tolerance band around the Czech National Bank’s (CNB) target. “The annual increase in consumer prices in March was almost three percentage points higher than expected in the CNB’s winter forecast,” said Petr Kral, Executive Director, Monetary Department.
“This deviation was due significantly to all inflation components except taxes. A massive increase in fuel prices had the largest effect. Growth in food prices, administered prices and core inflation was also well above the forecast,” he added.
“Consumer prices increased by 12.7% in comparison with last March. The most significant acceleration of the price growth was observed for fuels, which were half as expensive in March than a year ago. E.g. petrol Natural 95 was sold on average for about CZK44.50 per litre at petrol stations and diesel for CZK47 per litre” noted Pavla Sediva, head of the Consumer Price Statistics Unit of CSO.
In month-on-month terms, consumer prices increased by 1.7%, mainly due to higher prices in transport and in housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels.
“The exceptionally high increase in fuel prices in March was due to a marked rise in oil prices as a result of the outbreak of war in Ukraine and a temporary weakening of the koruna for the same reason. The war is also reflected in soaring food prices, as Ukraine is one of the world’s leading wheat exporters,” Kral commented.
According to the CNB’s winter forecast, inflation is expected to peak at around 10% in the 1H22 and return close to the 2% target in the 1H23. “However, the observed growth in commodity prices and the war in Ukraine are having a markedly inflationary effect on domestic price developments, especially in the short term,” Kral added.
Despite lapse in demand, firms said to retain positive attitude on 12-month outlook for activity, which remained historically elevated. Inflationary pressures continued to retreat.
Industrial prices in Romania increased by 2.4% in September-October.
GDP also up by 0.2% quarter-on-quarter as trade surplus makes up for lower domestic demand.
Russian service providers recorded a modest expansion in business activity during November, according to the latest PMI survey from S&P Global, but the rate of growth slowed somewhat from October.
Largest number of jobs created in construction, IT&C and hospitality sectors.
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