Russia’s Duma passed a law naming 1,151 companies as “strategic” that will entitle them to state help during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic crisis.
The names of the companies are a mix of state and privately owned and cover the whole country as well as most sectors.
Almost half of the companies on the list (523) fall under the purview of the Ministry of Trade and are involved in exports of a wide range of goods ranging from metals, to chemicals and on to textiles. Most of the major automotive producers are included from Avtovaz to Ford Sollers. Gold mines like Polyus Gold and heavy industry concerns like United Aircraft Corporation (UAC) are listed.
Many of Russia’s leading retailers made the list too, including German-owned Metro cash and carry as well as white goods chain M.Video-Eldorado.
A bit more than a third of the firms in the programme are based Moscow, where computers and online retailers feature prominently. All the famous tech companies are on the list including tech and e-commerce giants Yandex, Mail.ru Group, Wildberries, IBS IT Services and Kaspersky Labs.
But some less obvious retailers are included such as Detsky Mir for children's goods and the foreign owned Adidas sportsware firm.
In general the government policy seems to be that it will support companies that are strategically important to the economy such as food producers and raw material exporters. But it will also support companies that produce or sell items that have less strategic value, but are big employers, as a way of meeting its social aid targets.