Turkey’s official consumer price index (CPI) inflation rose to 36% y/y at end-2021, the highest level seen since February 2002. It surged from 21% y/y in November and 15% y/y at end-2020, the country’s national statistical institute TUIK said on January 3. One unofficial assessment estimated inflation actually grew to 83% y/y by the end of 2021 as Turkey's economic crisis intensified and alarm grew over President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's refusal to use conventional monetary tools to address the country's financial turmoil. Surveys have shown most Turks do not trust the official inflation data.
The headline figure means Turkey’s inflation rate now sits 22pp above the central bank’s policy rate of 14%.
The market was expecting end-2021 official inflation to be announced at around 30%.
TUIK added that end-year core inflation was 32% y/y, up from 18% in November, and stated that producer price index (PPI) inflation was 80% y/y, up from 55% in November.
Currently, the market sees the official inflation figure as entering the 40%s in the coming months.
The estimate showing end-year inflation at 83% y/y, also released on January 3, came from the Inflation Research Group, or ENAG, which is headed by Istanbul academics. ENAG said inflation climbed to that height from 59% y/y in November, 50% in October and 45% in September.
Real inflation in Turkey thus looks set to sail into three-digit territory.
On January 3, the USD/TRY remained hooked to livewire volatility. When it saw 13.94, a mallet fell on its head, knocking it down to 12.78 (at end-2021, the rate stood at 13.32, up 79% y/y. The latest all-time weakest rate was registered on December 20, 2021 at 18.37.)
January 3 brought no official statement from the central bank on intervening in the lira market, suggesting that backdoor interventions might be making an impact on the USD/TRY rate. On January 4, that matter of interventions should be clearer—the central bank is due to release its daily balance sheet for January 3.
On January 20, Turkey’s first rate-setting meeting of 2022 will be held.
The accompanying rate decision statement implied that the MPC was planning to keep the benchmark on hold in Q1.
On February 3, TUIK will release the official inflation data for January.
In a speech on January 3, Erdogan, who remains defiant that monetary orthodoxy is wrong in contending that raising interest rates helps to tame inflation, asserted that Turkey was "going through a transformation in economy and rising to the next league". He added that the nation was "reaping the fruits especially in exports of our country's efforts and hard work in the past 20 years to bolster our foreign trade".
Analysts were lining up to counter that Turkey is actually moving closer and closer to the abyss.
Economist Ozlem Derici Sengul, founding partner at Spinn Consulting, in Istanbul, forecast that official inflation could reach as high as 50% by the spring unless the direction of monetary policy was reversed.
"Rates should be immediately and aggressively hiked because this is urgent," the BBC cited her as saying, while accepting that the central bank was unlikely to act.