Turkey’s December foreign trade deficit narrows 15% y/y to $8.5bn

By bne IntelliNews January 30, 2015

Turkey’s foreign trade deficit fell by 14.6% y/y to$8.5bn in December as exports rose by 1.2% y/y and imports dropped 5.6% y/y, according to data of the statistics office TUIK. The market had expected a foreign trade shortfall of $8.5bn.

Exports and imports amounted to $13.3bn, and $21.8bn in December, respectively, TUIK said on January 30. On a seasonally and calendar adjusted basis, exports rose 0.6% m/m after falling 3.8% m/ in the previous month while the adjusted imports that rose 9.7% m/m in November dropped 11.1% m/m in December.

Exports to the EU were up 1.8% y/y to $5.4bn while the Block’s share in Turkey’s exports edged up to 40.2% in December from 40% a year ago. Turkey’s exports to the EU amounted to $68.6bn in the whole of 2014, representing an 8.8% y/y increase from $63bn in 2013. Germany was the top export market with sales of goods to this county increasing 0.8% y/y to $1.2bn while full-year exports to Germany amounted to $15.2bn, a 10.6% y/y increase. Iraq retained its position as Turkey’s second largest export market but exports to this country were down 8.8% y/y to $1.1bn in the last month of the year. Sales of goods to Iraq in the whole of 2014 also fell by 8.8% y/y to $10.9bn.

TUIK data also showed that exports to Africa (9.3% share in total) decreased 5.5% y/y in December while fell 2.7% y/y to $13.8bn last year. Exports to the Middle East (26.2% share) rose by 9.5% y/y in December but fell 0.5% y/y to $35.4bn in 2014 as a whole.

Turkey spent $4.4bn on energy imports in December which was 15.2% lower compared to a year ago while the country’s energy bill fell 1.8% y/y to $54.9bn in the whole of 2014. Precious metal imports (mostly gold) dropped 52.3% y/y to $704mn but precious metal exports rose 54.4% y/y to $489.5mn. Last year, Turkey’s precious metal imports amounted to $8.1bn, representing a 50% y/y decline.

Turkey’s foreign trade deficit narrowed 15.4% y/y to $84.5bn in 2014. Exports rose only 3.9% to $157.7bn while imports fell 3.7% to $242bn.

The government forecasts $173bn exports, $258bn imports and $85bn foreign trade deficit this year. It expects energy imports to amount to $57.3bn in 2015, but this forecast was based on the assumption that oil prices would be around $102/per barrel.

Turkey's Foreign Trade
  Exports y/y Imports y/y Deficit y/y
  ($ bn) (%) ($ bn) (%) ($ bn) (%)
2007 107.3 25.4 170.1 21.8 -62.8 16.2
2008 132.0 23.1 202.0 18.8 -69.9 11.4
2009 102.1 -22.6 140.9 -30.2 -38.8 -44.5
2010 113.9 11.5 185.5 31.7 -71.7 84.8
2011 134.9 18.5 240.8 29.8 -105.9 47.8
2012 152.5 13.0 236.5 -1.8 -84.1 -20.6
2013 151.9 -0.4 251.7 6.4 -99.8 18.7
Jan-14 12.5 8.6 19.3 2.6 -6.8 -6.8
Jan-Jul 93.5 6.1 139.6 -6.2 -46.1 -24.0
Jan-Aug 104.9 5.7 159.1 -4.7 -54.2 -20.0
Jan-Sep 118.5 5.5 179.7 -4.2 -61.1 -18.8
Jan-Oct 131.4 5.6 199.0 -3.9 -67.6 -18.2
Jan-Nov 144.5 4.2 220.5 -3.5 -76.0 -15.5
2014 157.7 3.9 242.2 -3.7 -84.5 -15.4
Source: tuik

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