Despite strong similarities with its Azeri peer, allowing KKB to enter debt restructuring is not an option for the Kazakh authorities given the country's history of bank failures.
Astana bourse targets major privatisation listings as it seeks to make far bigger impact than Almaty equity market.
Astana plays a delicate game of oil politics as production at giant Kashagan field ramps up
Beijing is investing a massive $124bn into the global project to invest into infrastructure and trade networks across four continents.
Our look at which business leaders really matter in each CEE/CIS country, ranked by our correspondents not just on wealth but on influence.