Nine-month figure maintains momentum of 4.2% posted for first half of year, growth very much reliant on mild Russian economic recovery and relaunch of giant Kashagan oil field.
Malta-based EXANTE to support cryptocurrency development in Kazakhstan, as the authorities seek to turn its capital Astana into an "international hub for blockchain operations" by developing crypto asset markets.
Kazakhstan's largest telecommunications company might be first of three big state companies to go for a flotation next year, with Air Astana and Kazatomprom also readying plans.
Last year saw total mutual FDI stock within the bloc reach $26.8bn with Russia remaining responsible for the lion’s share of outward investment.
Moldovan businessman Anatol Stati is trying to claw back $500mn he was awarded in compensation after his investments in two Kazakhstani gas fields were nationalised.
East European countries love blockchain, and could beat the west at developing practical applications if they keep up the current pace.
Hopes that oil price recovery would strengthen currency sag as crude quotations come under renewed pressure.
Set in an free economic zone subject to English common law, the bourse in the capital will hope to do far better than the country's first exchange in largest Kazakh city Almaty.
Angry statement from Kyrgyzstan's foreign ministry accuses Kazakh president on interfering in country's internal affairs.