Nigeria’s FX reserves drop to 2.5-year low of $36.3bn

By bne IntelliNews December 9, 2014

Nigeria’s gross foreign exchange reserves continued declining, reaching $36.3bn as of December 5, their lowest level since July 2012, despite the central bank’s efforts to stop their depletion, central bank data showed.

The forex reserves of Africa’s biggest oil producer have been on a downward trend since August, when the local naira currency was hit by the fall in global oil prices. Nigeria relies on oil receipts for about 70% of government revenues, so the sharp drop in oil prices poses significant risk for the country’s fiscal outlook.

According to the latest available statistics office data, Nigeria exported NGN3.27trn ($17.8bn) worth of crude oil in Q2, up 20.6% y/y. 

Last month, the central bank of Nigeria stepped in and devalued the naira by 8%, as well as raised its monetary policy rate by 100bps to a new a record high of 13% in a bid to stop the depletion of foreign exchange reserves. However, the stock of forex reserves has narrowed 1.8% since November 25, when the package of measures was announced.

The current level of external reserves provides approximately 7 months of imports cover, but pressure is remaining in view of the falling oil prices, which considerably reduce the build-up of forex reserves, and capital outflows related to the expected rate hike in the US.

Related Articles

South Africa’s MTN to invest $350mn in Iranian broadband

South Africa’s MTN said it has agreed, on a non-binding and preliminary basis, to invest an initial $350mn into Iranian fixed broadband provider Iranian Net. The investment will give ... more

South Africa receives another downgrade to junk

Fitch Ratings on April 7 downgraded South Africa to junk status following the removal of Pravin Gordhan as finance minister and the enusing political crisis. Fitch's downgrade to 'BB+' ... more

S&P downgrades South Africa's credit rating to junk after cabinet reshuffle

Standard & Poor’s ratings agency has cut South Africa's sovereign credit rating to 'BB+' from 'BBB-' and the long-term local currency rating to 'BBB-' from 'BBB', both with a negative ... more

Dismiss