Ben Aris in St Petersburg -
Thousands of top executives from the international business community joined political leaders in Russia's imperial capital in the middle of June for the annual Kremlin-sponsored St Petersburg International Economic Forum.
The results of the forum underlined the Kremlin's main foreign policy initiative - promoting a multi-polar world - and the EU should be disappointed with its low profile at the meeting in terms of initiatives and deals. The plaintive remarks from Bob Dudley, CEO of oil major BP, were typical. Dudley was telling delegates that his company's attempt to jointly explore the Arctic with Russia's state-owned Rosneft "was in everyone's interests" at about the same time that Rosneft was announcing it would seek another partner after the deal with BP didn't go through.
Overall, one of the big messages coming out of the conference was that Russia is disappointed with Europe and is working towards closer cooperation with the US and China. European leaders were invited to the forum as honoured guests, but the presence of Chinese President Hu Jintao was a stark reminder of Russia's increasingly close ties with its neighbours to the east - as difficult as those relations remain. "The global financial crisis created big financial imbalances in a number of countries, including in Europe and the USA. New 'bubbles' can form in almost any market, as we have seen clearly, and with the global financial system the way it is, when they break, the whole world feels the effects," Medvedev said in his keynote speech. "There can be no doubt as to Russia's continued integration into the global economy. We have no choice here."
Games without frontiers
While closer integration with Europe, which is by far Russia's largest trading partner, remains important, Medvedev emphasised that joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) is Russia's top priority for external trade relations. "I think we can realistically complete the process [of joining the WTO] by the end of the year - if, of course, political games do not start up again," Medvedev said.
Medvedev blamed these "political games" for Russia's long delay in joining the global trade club, but also had a swipe at the EU for playing similar games, particularly on easing visa requirements. "We seek to introduce visa-free travel with the European Union and other countries, but much here depends on our partners. We are ready to demonstrate our good will on this matter by taking concrete steps," said Medvedev.
The visa question has become a sticking point in further developing ties between Russia and the EU, and was largely responsible for the lack of any results at the Russia-EU summit in Nizhny Novgorod on June 9-10, where WTO accession and visa requirements topped the agenda. The two sides are so far apart on the visa question that they couldn't even agree on a date to start the discussions on how to proceed: the deadline to start talking about action on introducing a visa-free regime between Russia and the EU was delayed again to the end of July.
Nor was there any movement on Russia's membership of the WTO, which is a pre-condition to starting talks on a badly needed new Russia-EU basic agreement. Without agreements with the EU, Russia's prospects for acceding to the WTO before the end of this year look less likely, despite the palpable optimism of both the Kremlin and many commentators.
And little progress was made in the Partnership for Modernisation; the European Investment Bank and Russia's state-owned Vneshekonombank only signed a memorandum of understanding to mutually consider funding projects that are part of this programme with up to €500m coming from each side.
Indeed, the lack of progress in visa talks with the EU was thrown into relief by an announcement on the first day of the St Petersburg Forum by US Ambassador to Russia John Beyrle. The American diplomat declared that a new agreement to give citizens of Russia and the US three-year multiple-entry visas had been agreed upon - a significant easing of rules and a significant gesture. "Three years is just the first step," Beyrle promised a packed room of delegates.
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