Albania’s parliament fails to elect new president

Albania’s parliament fails to elect new president
Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama talks to journalists after parliament session.
By Denitsa Koseva in Sofia April 20, 2017

The Albanian parliament failed to elect a new president as no candidates were nominated in the first round of voting on April 19.

The lack of candidates came as no surprise because the ruling majority was not expected to name anyone, in an attempt to reach a deal with the opposition Democratic Party on a consensus candidate. However, opposition MPs have been boycotting the parliament since February, demanding the appointment of a caretaker government to prepare for an early general election in June.

The mandate of the current president, Bujar Nishani, who came from the ranks of the Democratic Party, expires this year. 

Albania elects the president by a majority vote in the parliament. Nishani was voted in with a majority of 73 votes out of 140 in 2012.

Presidential candidates are proposed by a group of at least 20 MPs. Albania's parliament elects the president in five rounds. In the first three rounds, the winner must secure at least 84 votes.

“We hope to find consensus on the candidate. We will wait to find the right president who will be accepted by everybody,” Rama told journalists outside the parliament following the session, according to a government statement

The prime minister stressed he would continue to be “patient until the limit of patience”. Better to wait for the right president accepted by everybody than to appoint a president without the opposition, he added.

Rama’s government has also appealed to the centre-right European People’s Party, of which the local Democratic Party is a member, to mediate in the ongoing political crisis

If the Democrats go ahead with their boycott of the election, this would seriously undermine the legitimacy of the vote. No party has boycotted an election since the Socialists withdrew part-way through election day back in 1996, citing irregularities. 

However on April 19, the Democrats signalled they were standing by their plans to boycott the upcoming parliamentary election. The party issued a statement criticising the Socialists and their junior coalition partner the Socialist Movement for Integration (LSI) for attempting to have the deadline for registration rolled back. The Democrats insist that the original deadline – which has already passed – must be adhered to, which means it is already too late for the party to participate in the election.