Uzbekistan: People no longer in the dark about power shortages

Uzbekistan: People no longer in the dark about power shortages
Water flows in the mountains of Uzbekistan and other countries of Central Asia are not what they should be. / Shuhrataxmedov CC-BY-SA 3.0.
By Eurasianet November 12, 2021

Uzbekistan has come clean about acute power shortages as water levels in reservoirs powering hydroelectric stations fall to critically low levels, sparking blackouts across Central Asia.

Officials had hitherto remained tight-lipped about the reason for power cuts in Tashkent and the provinces this autumn. But on November 9 the government broke the silence to explain that low water levels are the cause.

“The volume of output of electric power at the country’s hydroelectric stations has fallen by almost 23 percent in connection with this year’s water shortage, which affects power supplies to consumers,” the Energy Ministry said.

And this year’s shortfall in electricity output is equivalent to one month’s nationwide supply during the cold season, the ministry added: “In 2019 production at hydroelectric stations stood at 6.5 billion kilowatt hours, but this year, as last year, this figure is equivalent to 5 billion kilowatt hours, or 1.5 billion kilowatt hours (23 percent) less. That shortfall would be sufficient to supply the entire population of the country with electric power for one month in the autumn and winter period.”

Neighbouring Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are also suffering from electricity shortages as a result of low water levels, caused by drought across Central Asia this summer.

Climate change is taking its toll, with shrinking glaciers, decreased snowfall and increased water consumption in summer, when temperatures are higher than they used to be, contributing to the crisis.

In October Kyrgyzstan started rationing energy. Last week officials warned downstream neighbours to expect less water next year. Kyrgyzstan will be keeping more at home to try to replenish the depleted Toktogul reservoir, source of around 40% of Kyrgyzstan’s power, where water levels are lower than they have been in over a decade.

Meanwhile, Kazakhstan is suffering from crippling power shortages caused by a spike in cryptocurrency mining.

Tashkent came clean about the energy shortages that citizens knew full well they were experiencing days after a video clip appeared on Telegram of the head of the Senate describing power cuts as a thing of the past.

“Sitting in the dark and not having the possibility to watch TV is now history,” Tanzilya Narbaeva boasted. “Power cuts are five-year-old history; now there is no such thing.”

Her claims elicited applause from a loyal audience, but outbursts of sarcasm online.

Power cuts might be a thing of the past “in the mahalla [neighbourhood] where this lady lives,” said one angry commentator in central Tashkent, who complained of having to stay up all night to meet online deadlines when power cuts made it impossible to work at a reasonable hour.

“Marie Antionette syndrome,” sniped another.

This article originally appeared on Eurasianet here.